திருநெல்வேலி நெல்லையப்பர் கோயில் சிற்பங்கள்


Tinnevelly [Tirunelveli] Pagoda. The Tank and surrounding objects

  • View looking across tank (with central shrine) towards temple gopuram beyond. In Lyon’s ‘Notes to Accompany a Series of Photographs Prepared to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India’ (Marion & Co., London, 1870), edited by James Fergusson, he wrote that the photograph ‘represents the Tank which is…used at the February festival for the god’s aquatic excursion; it is of hewn stone, and forms with its surrounding objects a pleasing picture. The temple is said to have been built by one of the Pandya Rajahs, probably in the 14th century, though the Brahmins declare that its date is not known. It is dedicated, as before stated, to Shiva, who is here worshipped under the name of Nellyapper, and the Goddess Kanthi Mathi Ammal’.

Tinnevelly [Tirunelveli] Pagoda. The entrance gateway.

  • General view of temple gopuram. Lyon’s ‘Notes to Accompany a Series of Photographs Prepared to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India’ (Marion & Co., London, 1870), edited by James Fergusson, explains: ‘This view shows the Pyramidal Tower over [the] gateway at the principal entrance to the temple…It has been too…frequently whitewashed…but from its style, is probably as early as the 14th century. There is also another entrance on the same side… and in an outer portico, on each side of both…are three rows of figures carved in wood, beautifully executed…Entering the temple immediately in front is the sanctum…under a canopy, is an enormous bull, with his head as usual towards the sanctum…Immediately in front of the sanctuary, but with their backs towards it, stand four colossal figures…’

Carved figure in Tinnevelly [Tirunelveli] Pagoda. Colossal figure of Kuman

  • Tirunelveli Temple in Tamil Nadu from the ‘Photographs to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India’ collection, taken by Edmund David Lyon in c. 1868. The Tiruneveli temple is said to have been built by one of the Pandya Rajahs, probably in the 14th century, although there is debate as to the authenticity of that date. The temple is dedicated to Shiva, who is here worshipped under the name of Nellyapper, and the Goddess Kanthi Mathi Ammal. Of this photograph, Lyon wrote: ‘Immediately in front of the sanctuary, but their backs towards it, stand four colossal figures, about twenty feet high, and each carved out of one block of black hornblend stone… The carving is excellent…surpassing any to be found elsewhere.’

Virabhadrar

  • Tirunelveli Temple in Tamil Nadu from the ‘Photographs to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India’ collection, taken by Edmund David Lyon in c. 1868. The Tiruneveli temple is said to have been built by one of the Pandya Rajahs, probably in the 14th century, although there is debate as to the authenticity of that date. The temple is dedicated to Shiva, who is here worshipped under the name of Nellyapper, and the Goddess Kanthi Mathi Ammal. Of this photograph, Lyon wrote: ‘Immediately in front of the sanctuary, but with their backs towards it, stand four colossal figures, about twenty feet high, and each carved out of one block of hornblend stone, now so hard…that to attempt to cut it, destroys all…chisels…’

Carved figure in Tinnevelly [Tirunelveli] Pagoda. Colossal figure of Argunan [Arjuna]

  • Tirunelveli Temple in Tamil Nadu from the ‘Photographs to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India’ collection, taken by Edmund David Lyon in c. 1868. The Tiruneveli temple is said to have been built by one of the Pandya Rajahs, probably in the 14th century, although there is debate as to the authenticity of that date. The temple is dedicated to Shiva, who is here worshipped under the name of Nellyapper, and the Goddess Kanthi Mathi Ammal. Of this photograph, Lyon wrote: ‘Immediately in front of the sanctuary, but with their backs towards it, stand four colossal figures, about twenty feet high, and each carved out of one block of hornblend stone, now so hard…that to attempt to cut it, destroys all…chisels…’

Carved figure in Tinnevelly [Tirunelveli] Pagoda.

  • Ancient Architecture of Southern India’ (Marion & Co., London, 1870), edited by James Fergusson, explains: ‘Immediately in front of the sanctuary, but with their backs towards it, stand four colossal figures, about twenty feet high, and each carved out of one block of hornblend stone, now so hard, that the natives declare, that to attempt to cut it, destroys all their chisels…’

Temple near Tinnevelly. July or August 1792

    • Pencil and wash drawing by Thomas and William Daniell of a temple near Tinnevelly (Tirunelveli), dated July or August 1792. Inscribed on back in ink is: ‘216. Near Tinnevelly.’
      Between March 1792 and April 1793 the Daniells travelled through South India which at that time was still very little explored by the British and admired with wonder the great temples and grandiose sceneries of this part of the country. The Tinnevelly (Tirunelveli ) District, the last phase of their journey south, was ceded to the Company in 1801 and surveys were carried out from 1806 onwards only. At the beginning of the 18th century Tirunelveli was under the control of local chiefs who eventually succumbed to the Nawabs of Arcot. The city was ceded to the British in 1797. Situated on the Tambraparni River, it has an important monument, the Nellaiyappa Temple, which dates back to Pandya times in the 13th century and enlarged in the 17th and 18th century. It tall rectangular pyramidal entrance tower is visible throughout the city. This drawing depicts a temple in a village nearby.

‘View in the Tinnevele District, East India’. Engraving by Letitia Byrne after the painting by Thomas Daniell. Published 1809

  • Engraving by Letitia Byrne (1779-1849) after the painting by Thomas Daniell (1749-1849) entitled ‘View in the Tinnevele District, East India’, (Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu), published in 1809. Between March 1792 and April 1793 Thomas and William Daniell travelled through South India, which at that time had been little explored by the British, and were extremely impressed by the great temples and grandiose scenery of this part of the country. At the beginning of the 18th century Tirunelveli was under the control of local chiefs who eventually succumbed to the Nawabs of Arcot. The Tirunelveli District, the last phase of the Daniells journey southwards, was ceded to the East India Company in 1801 and surveys were carried out from 1806 onwards.

Temple at Tinnevelly

  • Water-colour drawing of a small temple near Tirunelveli from the Mackenzie Collection. Inscribed on back in ink: ‘View of a Hindu Temple supposed in Tinnevelly.’
  • The city of Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu, which was once the capital of the Pandyas, is located on the west bank of the Tamraparni river. The town is famous for the Kanthimathi Nellaiyappar Shiva temple after which the city is named. Inside this large temple complex there are the golden lily tank, the thousand-pillared hall which has some remarkable sculptures and the musical pillars which produce different musical notes when struck.

Amman Mahamandapam, Nelliyapparkovil, Tinnevelly, Tinnevelly District

  • Amman Mahamandapam in the Nelliyapparkovil Temple at Tirunelveli, dated 1900-01.
  • The vast temple complex of Nellaiappar, covering an area of 14 acres, is famous for its wealth of sculptural decoration and its musical pillars which produce sound when struck. The temple dates back to 700 AD. It originally consisted of two separate temples for Shiva and his consort Parvati both built by the Pandyan kings and linked by the Sangili Mandapam, built in the 17th century. Inside the temple enclosure there are many mandapas or halls. The Copper Hall of Dance called Tamra Sabhai is situated within the inner precincts of the temple. On the occasion of Arudra Darisanam (occuring in the Tamil month of Margazhi – Dec 15 – Jan 15), the images of Nataraja and Sivakami are housed here. This view shows the colonnade of the Amman Mahamandapam with piers remarkably carved with rearing yalis, monster-like animals.
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: