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Pen and ink drawing of the carved pillars of the temple of Avudaiyarkoil in Tamil Nadu by an anonymous artist working in the South India/Madurai style, c.1803. Inscribed: ’85. Pillars of the Pagoda at Auvedayar covil. Representing Nurshimha. Representing the Dancing of the Kauly. Representing the Dancing of the Eshwer. Representing the Begging of the Eshwer. Mysore Coll. of drawings.’

Avudaiyarkoil is situated approximately 40 km from Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu. The area is believed to date to the pre-historic period, but in its present form it mostly dates to the 17th century. The Athmanathaswami temple in Avudaiyarkoil is dedicated to the worship of Shiva as Atmanatha and has many life-size sculptures and elaborate wood carvings. The temple consists of an inner court with a mandapa (columned hall) that has elaborately carved pillars. The pyramidal tower over the entrance to the sanctuary, the carved pillars and the roof of the porch are all made of granite. This drawing depicts some of the elaborate pillars with shafts that are carved with sculptures executed almost in the round.

 

Pen and ink drawing of the carved pillars of the choultry or pavilion in front of the temple of Avudaiyarkoil in Tamil Nadu, by an anonymous artist working in the South India/Madurai style, c. 1803. Inscribed: ’86. Pillars of the Choultry before the Pagoda at Auvedayar covil. Representing the Prince Riding on’ ‘horseback & a God named Soobramany. Representing Veerabadra. Representing Agoremoorty. Mysore Coll. of Drawings.’

Avudaiyarkoil is situated approximately 40 km from Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu. The area is believed to date to the pre-historic period, but in its present form it mostly dates to the 17th century. The Athmanathaswami temple in Avudaiyarkoil is dedicated to the worship of Shiva as Atmanatha and has many life-size sculptures and elaborate wood carvings. The temple consists of an inner court with a mandapa (columned hall) that has elaborately carved pillars. The pyramidal tower over the entrance to the sanctuary, the carved pillars and the roof of the porch are all made of granite. This drawing depicts some of the elaborate pillars with shafts that are carved with sculptures executed almost in the round. The figures depicted are, from left to right: a rearing horse with a rider, Subhramanya standing on his vehicle the peacock, Shiva as Virabhadra the destroyer and Shiva as Agora.

Pen and ink drawing of the carved pillars of the temple at Avudaiyarkoil in Tamil Nadu, by an anonymous artist working in the South India/Madurai style, c. 1803. Inscribed: ’87. Pillars of the Pagoda at Auvedayar Covil . Representing Veerabadra. Representing Kauly. Representing the Brother of Vanagamoody Pundarom. Representing Eshwer. Mysore Coll. of Drawings.’

Avudaiyarkoil is situated approximately 40 km from Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu. The area is believed to date to the pre-historic period, but in its present form it mostly dates to the 17th century. The Athmanathaswami temple in Avudaiyarkoil is dedicated to the worship of Shiva as Atmanatha and has many life-size sculptures and elaborate wood carvings. The temple consists of an inner court with a mandapa (columned hall) that has elaborately carved pillars. The pyramidal tower over the entrance to the sanctuary, the carved pillars and the roof of the porch are all made of granite. This drawing depicts some of the elaborate pillars with shafts that are carved with sculptures executed almost in the round.

Pen and ink drawing of a carved pillar in the temple of Avudaiyarkoil in Tamil Nadu, by an anonymous artist working in the South India/Madurai style, c. 1803. Inscribed: ’90: A Pillar in the Choultry adjoining to the Pagoda of Auvedayar Covil, the Statue upon it represents an emage of Wanagamoody Pundaurom who was the founder of it & a Poligar subject to Tanjore kingdom. Mysore Coll. of Drawings.’

Avudaiyarkoil is situated approximately 40 km from Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu. The area is believed to date to the pre-historic period, but in its present form it mostly dates to the 17th century. The Athmanathaswami temple in Avudaiyarkoil is dedicated to the worship of Shiva as Atmanatha and has many life-size sculptures and elaborate wood carvings. The temple consists of an inner court with a mandapa (columned hall) that has elaborately carved pillars. The pyramidal tower over the entrance to the sanctuary, the carved pillars and the roof of the porch are all made of granite. This drawing depicts one of the elaborate pillars with shafts that are carved with sculptures executed almost in the round.

Pen and ink drawing of six carved pillars of the temple at Avudaiyarkoil, in Tamil Nadu, by an anonymous artist working in the South India/Madurai style, c. 1803. Inscribed: ’88. Pillars of the Pagoda at Auvedayar Covil. Mysore Coll. of drawings.’

Avudaiyarkoil is situated approximately 40 km from Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu. The area is believed to date to the pre-historic period, but in its present form it mostly dates to the 17th century. The Athmanathaswami temple in Avudaiyarkoil is dedicated to the worship of Shiva as Atmanatha and has many life-size sculptures and elaborate wood carvings. The temple consists of an inner court with a mandapa (columned hall) that has elaborately carved pillars. The pyramidal tower over the entrance to the sanctuary, the carved pillars and the roof of the porch are all made of granite. This drawing depicts some of the elaborate pillars with brackets fashioned as pendant lotus buds. The shafts are carved with sculptures executed almost in the round.

Watercolour drawing with pen and ink of the temple of Avudaiyarkoil near Thanjavur, by an anonymous artist working in the South India/Madurai style, c. 1803. Inscribed: ’84. No.10. A South View of the Selebrated Pagoda of Auvedayar covil. Mysore Coll. of drawings.’ and includes measurements.

Avudaiyarkoil is situated approximately 40 km from Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu. The area is believed to date to the pre-historic period, but in its present form it mostly dates to the 17th century. The Athmanathaswami temple in Avudaiyarkoil is dedicated to the worship of Shiva as Atmanatha and has many life-size sculptures and elaborate wood carvings. This view shows the inner court of the temple, with the mandapa (columned hall) in the foreground. The pyramidal tower can be seen over the entrance to the sanctuary and the elaborately carved pillars and the roof of the porch are made of granite.

Photograph of the Avudaiyarkoil Temple from the ‘Photographs to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India’ collection, taken by Edmund David Lyon in c. 1868. Avudaiyarkoil is approximately 45 km south-east of Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu. The Nayanar poet-saint Manickavasagar is believed to have founded the temple in the 8th century under the Pandyan dynasty, but its present form mostly dates to the 17th century. The temple is noted for its granite roof-work and is dedicated to the worship of Shiva. This photograph is a view of the inner court of the temple, in front of which is the mandapa (columned hall). The small pyramidal tower can be seen over the entrance to the sanctuary. The elaborately carved pillars and the roof of the porch are of the same hard dark stone.

Photograph of the Avudaiyarkoil Temple from the ‘Photographs to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India’ collection, taken by Edmund David Lyon in c. 1868. Avudaiyarkoil is approximately 45 km south-east of Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu. The Nayanar poet-saint Manickavasagar is believed to have founded the temple in the 8th century under the Pandyan dynasty, but its present form mostly dates to the 17th century. The temple is noted for its granite roof-work and is dedicated to the worship of Shiva. The carved pillar in this photograph is a representation of Shiva slaying one of the sons of Kasimuni, the principle of evil.

Photograph of the Avudaiyarkoil Temple from the ‘Photographs to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India’ collection, taken by Edmund David Lyon in c. 1868. Avudaiyarkoil is approximately 45 km south-east of Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu. The Nayanar poet-saint Manickavasagar is believed to have founded the temple in the 8th century under the Pandyan dynasty, but its present form mostly dates to the 17th century. The temple is noted for its granite roof-work and is dedicated to the worship of Shiva. The carved pillar in this photograph represents Shiva in his fierce and unpredictable incarnation; as Virabhadra the destroyer. The worship of Shiva as Virabhadra is common in the Deccan and South India.

Photograph of the Avudaiyarkoil Temple from the ‘Photographs to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India’ collection, taken by Edmund David Lyon in c. 1868. Avudaiyarkoil is approximately 45 km south-east of Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu. The Nayanar poet-saint Manickavasagar is believed to have founded the temple in the 8th century under the Pandyan dynasty, but its present form mostly dates to the 17th century. The temple is noted for its granite roof-work and is dedicated to the worship of Shiva. The carved pillar in this photograph is a representation of Shiva in one of his human incarnations, clearly indicated by the fact that he is depicted with only two arms.

Photograph of the Avudaiyarkoil Temple from the ‘Photographs to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India’ collection, taken by Edmund David Lyon in c. 1868. Avudaiyarkoil is approximately 45 km south-east of Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu. The Nayanar poet-saint Manickavasagar is believed to have founded the temple in the 8th century under the Pandyan dynasty, but its present form mostly dates to the 17th century. The temple is noted for its granite roof-work and is dedicated to the worship of Shiva. The carved pillar in this photograph is a representation of Subramanya, with his vahana (vehicle), the peacock.

Photograph of the Avudaiyarkoil Temple from the ‘Photographs to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India’ collection, taken by Edmund David Lyon in c. 1868. Avudaiyarkoil is approximately 45 km south-east of Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu. The Nayanar poet-saint Manickavasagar is believed to have founded the temple in the 8th century under the Pandyan dynasty, but its present form mostly dates to the 17th century. The temple is noted for its granite roof-work and is dedicated to the worship of Shiva. The carved pillar in this photograph represents Harihara, the deity who is half-Vishnu and half-Shiva.

Photograph of the Avudaiyarkoil Temple from the ‘Photographs to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India’ collection, taken by Edmund David Lyon in c. 1868. Avudaiyarkoil is approximately 45 km south-east of Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu. The Nayanar poet-saint Manickavasagar is believed to have founded the temple in the 8th century under the Pandyan dynasty, but its present form mostly dates to the 17th century. The temple is noted for its granite roof-work and is dedicated to the worship of Shiva. This photograph is a carved pillar of Shiva as Bhairava, who was generated out of Shiva’s anger.

Photograph of the Avudaiyarkoil Temple from the ‘Photographs to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India’ collection, taken by Edmund David Lyon in c. 1868. Avudaiyarkoil is approximately 45 km south-east of Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu. The Nayanar poet-saint Manickavasagar is believed to have founded the temple in the 8th century under the Pandyan dynasty, but its present form mostly dates to the 17th century. The temple is noted for its granite roof-work and is dedicated to the worship of Shiva. The carved pillar in this photograph represents Shiva celebrating over the destruction of Tripurasura, on whose body he is trampling.

Photograph of the Avudaiyarkoil Temple from the ‘Photographs to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India’ collection, taken by Edmund David Lyon in c. 1868. Avudaiyarkoil is approximately 45 km south-east of Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu. The Nayanar poet-saint Manickavasagar is believed to have founded the temple in the 8th century under the Pandyan dynasty, but its present form mostly dates to the 17th century. The temple is noted for its granite roof-work and is dedicated to the worship of Shiva. This photograph shows a carved pillar in front of the mandapa (columned hall). Lyon wrote that this photograph ‘is a representation of the Goddess Kali or Minakshi, the wife of Shiva, with all her usual attributes.’

Watercolour drawing with pen and ink of the temple of Avudaiyarkoil near Thanjavur, by an anonymous artist working in the South India/Madurai style, c. 1803. Inscribed: ’84. No.10. A South View of the Selebrated Pagoda of Auvedayar covil. Mysore Coll. of drawings.’ and includes measurements.

Avudaiyarkoil is situated approximately 40 km from Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu. The area is believed to date to the pre-historic period, but in its present form it mostly dates to the 17th century. The Athmanathaswami temple in Avudaiyarkoil is dedicated to the worship of Shiva as Atmanatha and has many life-size sculptures and elaborate wood carvings. This view shows the inner court of the temple, with the mandapa (columned hall) in the foreground. The pyramidal tower can be seen over the entrance to the sanctuary and the elaborately carved pillars and the roof of the porch are made of granite.

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